Estimación de la pérdida de colonias de abejas melíferas en el altiplano y el norte de México

Carlos Aurelio Medina-Flores, Nancy Harlet Esquivel-Marín, Marco López-Carlos, Sergio Ernesto Medina-Cuellar, Jairo Iván Aguilera-Soto

Abstract


El objetivo fue estimar la tasa de pérdida de colonias de abejas melíferas (Apis mellifera) durante el invierno de 2015-2016 en las regiones del altiplano y norte de México. Se encuestaron 196 apicultores (n = 41 907 colonias). La tasa promedio de pérdida de colonias en ambas regiones fue del 33.4%, no se presentaron diferencias sig-nicativas (p > 0.05) entre regiones. Los apicultores encuestados estiman que las principales causas de pérdida fueron: el mal tiempo, enfermedades, insecticidas, evasión y la enjambrazón. No hubo efecto del tamaño de las explotaciones apícolas respecto a la tasa de pérdida de colonias. El presente estudio representa la primer estimación en dos regiones de México sobre la tasa de pérdida de colonias en el periodo invernal y que ésta es similar a la de otros países. Se sugiere implementar técnicas de manejo que contribuyan a mitigar los efectos del mal clima, las enfermedades, plagas y la africanización.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a5n14.1459

ECOSISTEMAS Y RECURSOS AGROPECUARIOS(ECOSYSTEMS AND AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES), Year 6, Issue 16, January-April 2019, is a triannual journal edited, published and distributed by the Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Villahermosa, Centro, Tabasco, CP. 86040, Tel (993) 358 15 00, www.ujat.mx, era@ujat.mx., era@ujat.mx. Editor-in-chief: Efraín de la Cruz Lázaro. Copyright No. 04-2013-120514213600-203, ISSN: 2007-901X, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (National Institute of Copyright), with certificate of title and content No. 16540 granted by the Secretaría de Gobernación(Ministry of the Interior). Individual responsible for the last update of this issue was journal Editorial Assistant Lic. Misael Hernández Martínez, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Vhsa, Centro, Tabasco, Mex. C.P. 86040; date of last modification, December 31, 2018.

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