¿Son los pigmentos fotosintéticos buenos indicadores de la relación del nitrógeno, fósforo y potasio en frijol ejotero?

Esteban Sánchez Chávez, Juan Mauel Ruiz, Luis Romero, Pablo Preciado-Rangel, María Antonia Flores-Córdova, César Márquez-Quiroz

Abstract


El objetivo fue conocer si los pigmentos foliares son buenos indicadores del estado nutricional del N, P y K en plantas de frijol ejotero. Se realizaron tres estudios independientes,en el primero, el N se aplicóa la solución nutritiva en la forma de NH4NO3en dosis crecientes de 0 a 24.0 mM de N. En el segundo experimento, el P se aplicó en la forma H3PO4en dosis crecientes de 0 a 8.0 mM de P, y en el tercer experimento, el K se aplicó en la forma KSO4en dosis crecientes de 0 a 16.0 mM de K. Los parámetros analizados en tejido foliar fueron: concentración de N, P y K, biomasa, concentración de pigmentos foliares y sus relaciones. Los resultados indican que la aplicación de N favoreció la acumulación de clorofila a, b y carotenos, presentándose la máxima concentración en la dosis de 18 mM, de la misma manera la aplicación de P favoreció la acumulación de pigmentos, presentando la dosis de 4.0 mM, la mayor acumulación; mientras que la aplicación de K presentó un comportamiento inverso al N y P, presentando la mayor acumulación de pigmentos en la dosis de 1.0 mM. La concentración de clorofila a y b, y clorofila total tuvo correlación positiva y significativa con el estado nutricional del N. Los modelos matemáticos polinomial pudieran ser un instrumento para la toma de decisiones para el manejo nutricional sustentable de la fertilización de N, P y K. 


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a5n15.1757

ECOSISTEMAS Y RECURSOS AGROPECUARIOS(ECOSYSTEMS AND AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES), Year 5, Issue 14, September-December 2018, is a triannual journal edited, published and distributed by the Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Villahermosa, Centro, Tabasco, CP. 86040, Tel (993) 358 15 00, www.ujat.mx, era@ujat.mx., era@ujat.mx. Editor-in-chief: Efraín de la Cruz Lázaro. Copyright No. 04-2013-120514213600-203, ISSN: 2007-901X, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (National Institute of Copyright), with certificate of title and content No. 16540 granted by the Secretaría de Gobernación(Ministry of the Interior). Individual responsible for the last update of this issue was journal Editorial Assistant Lic. Misael Hernández Martínez, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Vhsa, Centro, Tabasco, Mex. C.P. 86040; date of last modification, September 1, 2018.

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