Protección contra herbivoría en reforestación de terreno árido degradado, con palo verde (Parkinsonia microphylla Torr.)

Jesús Sosa-Castañeda, Cristina Montiel-González, César Hinojo-Hinojo, Miguel Ángel Barrera-Silva, Guadalupe López-Robles, Reyna Fabiola Osuna-Chávez, Cristina Ibarra-Zazueta, Hernán Celaya-Michel

Abstract


Para rehabilitar terrenos degradados en zonas áridas, es necesario superar limitaciones bióticas y abióticas con metodologías de bajo costo que permitan lograr reforestaciones exitosas. Este trabajo abordo cómo mejorar el crecimiento y supervivencia de plantas, y mitigar las condiciones de temperatura y herbivoría en la reforestación de terrenos degradados. Fueron construidos refugios protectores reutilizando desechos de poda y envases plásticos. Durante un año, 264 plantas de palo verde (Parkinsonia microphylla) fueron sometidas a tratamientos diferenciales de protección contra herbívoros (sin protección, y con protección por refugios de ramas, PET o ambos), y se monitoreó su supervivencia y altura. La supervivencia de plantas con el uso de refugios protectores fue mayor que la de las plantas sin protección (34.9-56.7 vs. 1.8%, χ2 = 63.5; p < 0.0001); asimismo, las alturas de las plantas protegidas fueron mayores. El uso de refugios es una alternativa efectiva, para la reforestación de terrenos degradados.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a6n18.2037

ECOSISTEMAS Y RECURSOS AGROPECUARIOS(ECOSYSTEMS AND AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES), Year 6, Issue 16, January-April 2019, is a triannual journal edited, published and distributed by the Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Villahermosa, Centro, Tabasco, CP. 86040, Tel (993) 358 15 00, www.ujat.mx, era@ujat.mx., era@ujat.mx. Editor-in-chief: Efraín de la Cruz Lázaro. Copyright No. 04-2013-120514213600-203, ISSN: 2007-901X, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (National Institute of Copyright), with certificate of title and content No. 16540 granted by the Secretaría de Gobernación(Ministry of the Interior). Individual responsible for the last update of this issue was journal Editorial Assistant Lic. Misael Hernández Martínez, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Vhsa, Centro, Tabasco, Mex. C.P. 86040; date of last modification, December 31, 2018.

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