USES OF NON-LEGUMINOUS TREES IN SILVOPASTORAL SYSTEMS IN THE SOUTH OF THE STATE OF MEXICO

Jaime Olivares-Pérez, Saúl Rojas-Hernández, Francisca Avilés-Nova, Luis M Camacho-Díaz, Moises Cipriano-Salazar, Regulo Jiménez-Guillén, Fredy Quiroz-Cardozo

Abstract


The objective was to characterize the livestock production units (LPU) and identify the forage impor- tance, uses, and density of non-leguminous trees in silvopastoral systems in the south of the State of Mexico. Sixty-nine surveys were conducted to ascertain the current use of trees; on transects were evaluated their density, abundance and frequency; the diameter at breast height (DBH) and the height (h) of trees were measured metrically. The most important trees with regard to foraging were Guazuma ulmifolia (72.5 %) and Crescentia alata (63.8 %). These trees had the highest number of uses at seven and nine, respectively. The density of scattered trees and trees used for living fences was highest for G. ulmifolia (4.5 trees ha−1 and one tree per 100 linear m) and C. alata (7.2 trees ha−1 and 0.54 trees per 100 linear m). The DBH for scattered trees was highest for C. alata at 44.4 cm, while in the case of living fences it was highest for Ficus glabrata at 114.5 cm. We conclude that the outstanding PU accounting uses, foraging preference, and dasometric characteristics are accounted for by C. alata and G. ulmifolia, which as multiple purpose trees can be integrated in silvopastoral systems in the study area. 


Keywords


1. uses, 2. foraging preference, 3. dasometric characteristics

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a3n8.880

ECOSISTEMAS Y RECURSOS AGROPECUARIOS(ECOSYSTEMS AND AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES), Year 6, Issue 16, January-April 2019, is a triannual journal edited, published and distributed by the Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Villahermosa, Centro, Tabasco, CP. 86040, Tel (993) 358 15 00, www.ujat.mx, era@ujat.mx., era@ujat.mx. Editor-in-chief: Efraín de la Cruz Lázaro. Copyright No. 04-2013-120514213600-203, ISSN: 2007-901X, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (National Institute of Copyright), with certificate of title and content No. 16540 granted by the Secretaría de Gobernación(Ministry of the Interior). Individual responsible for the last update of this issue was journal Editorial Assistant Lic. Misael Hernández Martínez, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Vhsa, Centro, Tabasco, Mex. C.P. 86040; date of last modification, December 31, 2018.

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