Humedales en dolina del norte de Quintana Roo, México: ecosistemas poco conocidos

Eduardo Cejudo, K. Geraldine Herrera-Caamal

Abstract


Los humedales son los ecosistemas más productivos y amenazados del mundo. Si se encuentran en regiones donde domina la roca caliza se denominan humedales cársticos, un tipo de este humedal son los humedales en dolina. El objetivo del estudio fue caracterizar humedales en dolina del Norte de Quintana Roo, México. Se usaron descriptores de microtopografía, parámetros edáficos, fisicoquímica del agua y biomasa arbórea. Los resultados indican que los humedales en dolina son unidades primarias tipo P/b/h, sistema Palustre, subsistema depresión, clase estacional a intermitentemente inundado, forma ovoide o redonda con vegetación dominada por árboles tolerantes a la inundación en fondo rocoso con sustrato no consolidado. Se encontró mineralización de la materia orgánica, suelo con alta capacidad de retención de agua y elevado contenido de calcio y sílice. La biomasa se estimó entre 0.01 y 0.30 kg de carbono por árbol.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a6n17.1827

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