Pollinators and floral visitors of two orchids in a protected natural area in Tuxpan, Veracruz

José Luis Alanís Méndez, Luz del Carmen Ortiz Santos, Ivette Alicia Chamorro Florescano, Juan Manuel Pech Canché, Francisco Limón

Abstract


Floral visitors, particularly pollinators, are important during the life cycle of many orchids. However, despite their biological importance, this information is still unknown in many species, particularly those in mangrove forests. The aim of this research was to study the floral visitors, as well as the pollinators, of the two orchid species Myrmecophila grandifloraand Brassavola nodosa, in a protected natural area with mangrove (RAMSAR), in Tuxpan, Veracruz, Mexico. Ants of different genera were the floral visitors of M. grandiflora, its pollinator is the carpenter bee, Xylocopa nautlana. In B. nodosa, were observed mosquitoes and ladybugs as floral visitors, the pollinator could not be registered, but it is possible that it is a species of moth (Scopula sp.). Finally, this study provides field information about floral visitors and pollinators in two orchid species in mangrove ecosystems and the evidence for pollination.


Full Text:

PDF XML

References


Ames O, Correll DS (1985) Orchids of Guatemala and Belize. Courier Corporation, USA. 779p.

Basáñez MAJ (2005) Ficha informativa de los humedales de Ramsar. Manglares y Humedales de Tuxpan, Sitio Ramsar Internacional 1602. Ramsar Sites Information Service. 12p.

Carnevali G (2009) La falsa tibicinis, la hermana de cristina la yucateca: Myrmecophila grandiflora. Desde el Herbario CICY 1: 26–27.

Carnevali GC, Muñoz JLT, Ramírez IM (2001) The Status of Schomburgkia tibicinis var. grandiflora Lindl.(Orchidaceae) and a Key to the Mexican Species of Myrmecophila. Harvard Papers in Botany 6: 245–251.

Carnevali G, Tapia JL, Williams NH, Whitten WM (2003) Sistemática, filogenia y biogeografía de Myrmecophila. Lankesteriana 7: 29–32.

Damon A, Salas-Roblero P (2007) A survey of pollination in remnant orchid populations in Soconusco Chiapas, Mexico. Tropical Ecology 48: 1–14.

Dejean A, Durou S, Olmsted I, Snelling RR, Orivel J (2003) Nest site selection by ants in a flooded Mexican mangrove, with special reference to the epiphytic orchid Myrmecophila christinae. Journal of Tropical Ecology 19: 325–331.

Delvare G, Aberlenc HP, Michel B (2002) Los Insectos de África y de América Tropical Claves para la Identificación de las Principales Familias. CIRAD - Centre De Coopération Internationale En Recherche A Gronomique Pour Le Développement, Montpellier, France. 257p.

Eaton ER, Kaufman K (2007) Kaufman field guide to insects of North America. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, USA. 391p.

García-Cruz CJ, Sosa V (2011) Las orquídeas. La Biodiversidad En Veracruz: Estudio de Estado. Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, Gobierno del Estado de Veracruz, Universidad Veracruzana, Instituto de Ecología, A.C., México. pp 191–199.

Gómez JM (2002) Generalizations in the interactions between plants and pollinators. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 75: 105–116.

Hágsater E, Dumont V, Pridgeon AM (1996) Orchids: status survey and conservation action plan, Volume 28. IUCN, Gland, Suiza. 153p.

Hágsater E, Soto Arenas MA, Salazar Chávez GA, Jiménez Machorro R, López Rosas MA, Dressler RL (2005) Las orquídeas de México. Instituto Chinoín, DF, México. 304p.

Herrera CM (1987) Components of pollinator “quality”: comparative analysis of a diverse insect assemblage. Oikos 9: 79–90.

Horvitz CC, Schemske DW (1990) Spatiotemporal variation in insect mutualists of a neotropical herb. Ecology 71: 1085–1097.

INEGI (2010) Tuxpan, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave. Clave geoestadística 30189, Prontuario ed. Instituto Nacional de Geografía y Estadística, México. 212p.

Jones HG (1975) Nomenclatural revision of the genus Brassavola R. Br. of the Orchidaceae. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 32: 9–22.

Lee SY, Primavera JH, Dahdouh-Guebas F, McKee K, Bosire JO, Cannicci S, Diele K, Fromard F, Koedam N, Marchand C, others (2014) Ecological role and services of tropical mangrove ecosystems: a reassessment. Global Ecology and Biogeography 23: 726–743.

López Portillo J, Ezcurra E (2002) Los manglares de México: una revisión. Madera y Bosques 2: 27–51.

Malo JE, Leirana-Alcocer J, Parra-Tabla V (2001) Population Fragmentation, Florivory, and the Effects of Flower Morphology Alterations on the Pollination Success of Myrmecophila tibicinis (Orchidaceae). BIOTROPICA 33: 529–534.

Murren C, Ellison A (1998) Seed dispersal characteristics of Brassavola nodosa (Orchidaceae). American Journal of Botany 85: 675-679.

Noguera-Savelli E (2010) Revisión del género Brassavola R. Br. (Orchidaceae) para Venezuela. Ernstia 20: 169–192.

Parra-Tabla V, Vargas CF (2004) Phenology and phenotypic natural selection on the flowering time of a deceit-pollinated tropical orchid, Myrmecophila christinae. Annals of Botany 94: 243–250.

Parra A, Nates-Parra G (2007) Variación de la comunidad de abejas de las orquídeas (Hymenoptera: Apidae) en tres ambientes perturbados del piedemonte llanero colombiano. Revista de biología tropical 55: 931–941.

Pellegrino G, Bellusci F, Musacchio A, others (2010) The effects of inflorescence size and flower position on female reproductive success in three deceptive orchids. Botanical Studies 51: 351–356.

Pijl L Van der, Dodson CH (1966) Orchid flowers: their pollination and evolution. Published jointly by the Fairchild Tropical Garden and the University of Miami Press, USA. 242p.

RAMSAR (2016) Manglares y humedales de Tuxpan. Ramsar Sites Information Service. 12p.

Rech AR, Rosa YBCJ, Lazari Manente-Balestieri FC de (2010) Aspects of the reproductive biology of Brassavola cebolleta Rchb. f. (Orchidaceae). Acta Scientiarum Biological Sciences 32: 335–341.

Rico-Gray V (1989) The importance of floral and circum-floral nectar to ants inhabiting dry tropical lowlands. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 38: 173–181.

Rico-Gray V, Thien LB (1987) Some aspects of the reproductive biology of Schomburgkia tibicinis Batem (Orchidaceae) in Yucatan, Mexico. Brenesia 28: 13–24.

Roebuck L, Steinhart WL (1978) Pollination ecology and the nocturnal scent response in the genus Brassavola. American Orchid Society Bulletin 47: 507–511.

Schemske DW (1980) Evolution of floral display in the orchid Brassavola nodosa. Evolution 35: 489–493.

Schiestl FP (2005) On the success of a swindle: pollination by deception in orchids. Naturwissenschaften 92: 255–264.

Thien LB, Rico-Gray V, Smalley AE, Bradburn AS (1987) Complexity of tropical rain forests. Tulane Stud Zool Bot 26: 5–18.

Wagner K, Mendieta-Leiva G, Zotz G (2015) Host specificity in vascular epiphytes: A review of methodology, empirical evidence and potential mechanisms. AoB Plants 7: plu092

Williams NH (1981) Floral fragrance components of Brassavola (Orchidaceae: Laeliinae). Selbyana 5: 279–285.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a6n17.1922

ECOSISTEMAS Y RECURSOS AGROPECUARIOS(ECOSYSTEMS AND AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES), Year 6, Issue 16, January-April 2019, is a triannual journal edited, published and distributed by the Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Villahermosa, Centro, Tabasco, CP. 86040, Tel (993) 358 15 00, www.ujat.mx, era@ujat.mx., era@ujat.mx. Editor-in-chief: Efraín de la Cruz Lázaro. Copyright No. 04-2013-120514213600-203, ISSN: 2007-901X, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (National Institute of Copyright), with certificate of title and content No. 16540 granted by the Secretaría de Gobernación(Ministry of the Interior). Individual responsible for the last update of this issue was journal Editorial Assistant Lic. Misael Hernández Martínez, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Vhsa, Centro, Tabasco, Mex. C.P. 86040; date of last modification, December 31, 2018.

The opinions expressed by the authors do not necessarily reflect the position of the publisher.

The total reproduction of the articles is authorized, provided that the author and the journal Ecosistemas y Recursos Agropecuariosare mentioned or cited.

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 

 

Flag Counter