EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON HATCHING AND GROWTH OF CUBAN GAR (Atractosteus tristoechus) LARVAE

Yamilé Comabella, Andrés Hurtado, Javier Canabal, Tsai García-Galano

Abstract


Hatching success, growth, development and survival of Cuban gar (Atractosteus tristoechus) larvae were examined at different temperatures (26, 28 and 30 ºC) up to 18 days after hatching (DAH). The time to hatching was inversely related to the incubation temperature (87, 100 and 111 h). Larval survival at the time of hatching was significantly lower at 30 oC (50.3 %), coinciding with the highest larval mortality (30.2 %). Growth rates were 1.75 mmd-1 -10.4 % d-1 at 26 ºC,1.30 mm d-1 -10.2 % d-1-1 at 28 ºC and 1.40 mm d-1 -10 % d -1 at 30 ºC. Three similar critical periods were identified: 0-6, 7-11 and 12-18 DAH. During the first period, a similar increase in weight and a significant increase in total length occurred, mainly at 30 ºC, indicating a more efficient reconversion of the yolk reserves. Later, growth was equally slow, corresponding with the transitional period from endogenous to exogenous feeding, indicating a similar physiologic pattern regardless of incubation temperature. Weight and length increased during the last period, with the greatest increase at 26 ºC in contrast with the lowest gain at 30 ºC. The inflexion points of many morphometric characters and the developmental stages accelerated with the increasing temperature. Although it was impossible to determine the optimal temperature, it was evident that 26 ºC favored hatching success and larval growth. 




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a1n1.3

ECOSISTEMAS Y RECURSOS AGROPECUARIOS(ECOSYSTEMS AND AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES), Year 6, Issue 16, January-April 2019, is a triannual journal edited, published and distributed by the Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Villahermosa, Centro, Tabasco, CP. 86040, Tel (993) 358 15 00, www.ujat.mx, era@ujat.mx., era@ujat.mx. Editor-in-chief: Efraín de la Cruz Lázaro. Copyright No. 04-2013-120514213600-203, ISSN: 2007-901X, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (National Institute of Copyright), with certificate of title and content No. 16540 granted by the Secretaría de Gobernación(Ministry of the Interior). Individual responsible for the last update of this issue was journal Editorial Assistant Lic. Misael Hernández Martínez, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Vhsa, Centro, Tabasco, Mex. C.P. 86040; date of last modification, December 31, 2018.

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