EXTRACTO DE Lysiloma acapulcensis EN LA DIGESTIBILIDAD Y FERMENTACIÓN RUMINAL DE UNA DIETA PARA OVINOS

Agustín Olmedo Juárez, Rolando Rojo Rubio, Javier Arece García, Abdel Zeidan Mohamed Salem, Ernesto Morales Almaraz, Benito Albarrán Portillo, Héctor Aarón Lee Rangel, José Fernando Vázquez Armijo

Abstract


El objetivo fue evaluar in vitro e in vivo el valor nutricional de una dieta basal para ovinos adicionada con diferentes niveles de taninos condensados libres (TCL) de Lysiloma acapulcensis (T0=0; T1= 2.5; T2 = 5.0 y T3=7.5 gd-1). En el experimento in vitro se determinó la cinética de degradación del sustrato mediante la técnica de producción de gas y en la parte in vivo se utilizaron cuatro ovinos canulados en rumen (60 ± 3 kg de peso corporal) para conocer algunas variables de la fermentación ruminal. Los datos se analizaron mediante un diseño completamente al azar y cuadrado latino, respectivamente. En el ensayo in vitro, se observaron diferencias significativas (p< 0.05), en los parámetros de fermentación ruminal: (producción de gas total, hasta alcanzar la asíntota (b) y tasa fraccional de producción gas ( c). . La síntesis de ácidos grasos de cadena corta (AGCC) y la energía metabolizable (EM), se redujo en los tratamientos que contenían TCL. La digestibilidad aparente de la proteína cruda (DAPC), fue mayor (p < 0.05) en el T2 (790 g kg-1 de MS). Las concentraciones de nitrógeno amoniacal (N-NH3) fueron menores (p < 0.05), en los tratamientos T3 y T0, en las horas 0, 4, 20 y 24 (9.5, 4.67, 6.91 y 6.89 mgdL-1) respectivamente. La población de protozoarios fue mayor (p < 0.5) en los animales que recibieron los tratamientos con TCL (0, 4, 8 y 12 h post-alimentación).Se concluye que la adición de 5.0 g TCL mejoró la DAPC, aumentan los niveles de N-NH3 (T1, T2 Y T3), disminuyen los AGCC y la EM, pero estimula la población de protozoarios.


Keywords


Digestibilidad, nutrientes, cinética de fermentación ruminal, taninos condensados libres, ovinos

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a2n5.124

ECOSISTEMAS Y RECURSOS AGROPECUARIOS(ECOSYSTEMS AND AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES), Year 6, Issue 16, January-April 2019, is a triannual journal edited, published and distributed by the Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Villahermosa, Centro, Tabasco, CP. 86040, Tel (993) 358 15 00, www.ujat.mx, era@ujat.mx., era@ujat.mx. Editor-in-chief: Efraín de la Cruz Lázaro. Copyright No. 04-2013-120514213600-203, ISSN: 2007-901X, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (National Institute of Copyright), with certificate of title and content No. 16540 granted by the Secretaría de Gobernación(Ministry of the Interior). Individual responsible for the last update of this issue was journal Editorial Assistant Lic. Misael Hernández Martínez, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Vhsa, Centro, Tabasco, Mex. C.P. 86040; date of last modification, December 31, 2018.

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