Germinación, crecimiento y producción de glucanasas en Capsicum chinense Jacq. inoculadas con Bacillus spp.

Marino Sosa Pech, Esaú Ruiz Sánchez, José María Tun Suaréz, Luis Leonardo Pinzón López, Arturo Reyes Ramírez

Abstract


Las rizobacterias promueven el crecimiento vegetal e inducen la acumulación de proteínas de defensas por lo que se evaluaron aislados de Bacillus spp. con mayor producción de ácido indol acético en la germinación, crecimiento e inducción de las B-glucanasas en plántulas de chile habanero. Los aislados CBRF5, CBRF12 y CBCC57 producen ácido indol acético desde las 24 h de incubación con 6.66, 7.95 y 7.05 µg mL-1, respectivamente. Los aislados CBCC57 y CBRF5 disminuyeron el porcentaje de germinación, mientras que CBRF12 no tuvo un efecto significativo. Los aislados CBCC57 y CBRF12 aumentaron el área foliar y biomasa seca en plántulas de chile habanero. Se observó un aumento significativo en la actividad de B-glucanasas con el aislado CBCC57 en relación a los aislados CBRF12 y CBRF5. Los resultados mostraron que Bacillus CBRF12 y CBCC57 tienen potencial como promotoras en el crecimiento de plántulas de chile habanero.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a6n16.1801

ECOSISTEMAS Y RECURSOS AGROPECUARIOS(ECOSYSTEMS AND AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES), Year 6, Issue 16, January-April 2019, is a triannual journal edited, published and distributed by the Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Villahermosa, Centro, Tabasco, CP. 86040, Tel (993) 358 15 00, www.ujat.mx, era@ujat.mx., era@ujat.mx. Editor-in-chief: Efraín de la Cruz Lázaro. Copyright No. 04-2013-120514213600-203, ISSN: 2007-901X, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (National Institute of Copyright), with certificate of title and content No. 16540 granted by the Secretaría de Gobernación(Ministry of the Interior). Individual responsible for the last update of this issue was journal Editorial Assistant Lic. Misael Hernández Martínez, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Vhsa, Centro, Tabasco, Mex. C.P. 86040; date of last modification, December 31, 2018.

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