Productivity of pigs fed with solid-state fermented apple pomace and an enzymatic complex

Francisco Héctor Chamorro-Ramírez, José Arturo García-Macías, Lorenzo Antonio Durán-Meléndez, Esmeralda Mónica Peña-González, José Fernando González-Sánchez

Abstract


The productive performance of pigs fed with solid-state fermented apple pomace (FAP) and an enzy- matic complex (ENZ) was evaluated. Twenty-four Landrace x York (38.9 ± 3.6 kg) pigs were fed ad libitum with di erent diet treatments including FAP and ENZ: T0-0 (0 g kg−1 FAP - 0 g kg−1 ENZ), T0-1 (0 g kg−1 FAP + 1 g kg−1 ENZ), T50-0 (50 g kg−1 FAP + 0 g kg−1 ENZ), T50-1 (50 g kg−1 FAP + 1 g kg−1 ENZ), T100-0 (100 g kg−1 FAP + 0 g kg−1 ENZ) and T100-1 (100 g kg−1 FAP + 1 g kg−1 ENZ). Productivity; Feed intake, F:G ratio, Weight gain, return on investment by monetary unit (pro tability index, PI) and carcass traits; Carcass dressing percent and primary cuts, were evaluated. Data were analyzed according to the randomized complete block design. Productivity and feeding characteristics were not a ected by FAP or ENZ (p > 0.05). Hot dressing percent was a ected by ENZ (p = 0.0497). T100-0 and T100-0 showed similar (p > 0.05) value to T0-0. Primary cut yield was not negatively a ected (p > 0.05). The best PI was obtained with T50-0 in growing phase. FAP improved PI only in growing phase and ENZ combined with FAP showed variant PI. Results showed that FAP may be considered as a suitable option for feeding pigs because it maintains animal productivity.

Keywords


Canal de cerdo, Bagazo de manzana, Comportamiento del cerdo, Cortes primarios

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a4n12.1081

ECOSISTEMAS Y RECURSOS AGROPECUARIOS(ECOSYSTEMS AND AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES), Year 6, Issue 16, January-April 2019, is a triannual journal edited, published and distributed by the Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Villahermosa, Centro, Tabasco, CP. 86040, Tel (993) 358 15 00, www.ujat.mx, era@ujat.mx., era@ujat.mx. Editor-in-chief: Efraín de la Cruz Lázaro. Copyright No. 04-2013-120514213600-203, ISSN: 2007-901X, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (National Institute of Copyright), with certificate of title and content No. 16540 granted by the Secretaría de Gobernación(Ministry of the Interior). Individual responsible for the last update of this issue was journal Editorial Assistant Lic. Misael Hernández Martínez, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Vhsa, Centro, Tabasco, Mex. C.P. 86040; date of last modification, December 31, 2018.

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