Evaluación de extractos vegetales sobre incidencia y severidad de Hemileia vastatrix en cultivo de café

Ernesto Cerna Chávez, Roberto Magaña Arteaga, Jazmin Janeth Velazquez Guerrero, Yisa María Ochoa Fuentes, Omegar Hernandez Bautista

Abstract


La roya del cafeto (Hemileia vastatrix) es una enfermedad destructiva y de mayor importancia a nivel mundial que afecta a los estados principales productores y exportadores de café orgánico en México, afectando directamente su productividad por la caída prematura de la hojas limitando la capacidad fotosintética de la planta, para su control se implementan costosas estrategias basadas con la aplicación de fungicidas químicos, donde un 97% de la producción se ubica en zonas de alta y muy alta  marginación,  una de las alternativas para el control de la roya, es el uso de extractos vegetales los cuales han sido reportados con propiedades preventivas y curativas  contra de diversos agentes fitopatógenos. Por esto, se evaluó el efecto en la severidad de H. vastatrix en dos variedades susceptibles, Típica y Caturra en parcelas tratadas con extractos vegetales de: Canela (Cinnamomum verum), Naranja (Citrus sinensis), Gobernadora (Larrea tridentata), Eucalipto (Eucalyptus glogulus), Mostaza - Pimienta (Brassica nigra - Piper nigrum). La media de severidad más alta fue el testigo variedad Típica con un 61.866%, se observó una reducción significativa en todos los extractos evaluados, los menores registros de severidad en ambas variedades se presentaron en los tratamientos de Cinnamomum verum y Citrus sinensis, con valores de 15.47 y 19.683 % y 4.733 y 4% para Típica y Caturra respectivamente, por lo que se recomienda la inclusión de ambos extractos vegetales en el manejo integrado de la roya del cafeto.

 


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a6n18.2182

ECOSISTEMAS Y RECURSOS AGROPECUARIOS(ECOSYSTEMS AND AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES), Year 6, Issue 16, January-April 2019, is a triannual journal edited, published and distributed by the Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Villahermosa, Centro, Tabasco, CP. 86040, Tel (993) 358 15 00, www.ujat.mx, era@ujat.mx., era@ujat.mx. Editor-in-chief: Efraín de la Cruz Lázaro. Copyright No. 04-2013-120514213600-203, ISSN: 2007-901X, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (National Institute of Copyright), with certificate of title and content No. 16540 granted by the Secretaría de Gobernación(Ministry of the Interior). Individual responsible for the last update of this issue was journal Editorial Assistant Lic. Misael Hernández Martínez, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Vhsa, Centro, Tabasco, Mex. C.P. 86040; date of last modification, December 31, 2018.

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