CONCENTRATION OF NUTRIENTS AND C:N:P RATIOS IN SURFACE SEDIMENTS OF A TROPICAL COASTAL LAGOON COMPLEX AFFECTED BY AGRICULTURAL RUNOFF

G de la Lanza-Espino, FJ Flores-Verdugo, S Hernandez-Pulido, I Penié-Rodríguez

Abstract


The content of nutrients and the C:N:P ratios were analysed in the sediment of a tropical coastal lagoon system in northwestern Mexico, that receives heavy agricultural runoff since 1950. The relationship between the C:N:P ratios and the sediment type was evaluated in the coastal lagoon system of Bahía de Altata-Ensenada del Pabellón in order to identify the possible origins of the organic matter, from phytoplancton, mangroves, river inflow or agricultural wastewaters. In general, the results of the nutrient content analyses fell into two groups based on the particle size of the sediment: 1) sandy sediments in Bahía de Altata where the concentration of carbon varied from 662 to 974 µmol g1, that of nitrogen from 11 to 75 µmol g1 and that of phosphorus from 11 to 27 µmol g1, with a molar ratio of 34-66:1-5:1, and 2) silty clay sediments in Laguna Ensenada del Pabellón with high contents of carbon (2324 to 4080 µmol g1), nitrogen (121 to 635 µmol g1) and phosphorus (18 to 40 µmol g1), and a high C:N:P ratio (102-202:6-16:1). This distribution is associated with agricultural runoff and discharges from a sugar cane processing factory.

Keywords


Nutrients in sediments; tropical coastal lagoon; agricultural runoff



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19136/era.a27n2.119

ECOSISTEMAS Y RECURSOS AGROPECUARIOS(ECOSYSTEMS AND AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES), Year 6, Issue 18, september-december 2019, is a triannual journal edited, published and distributed by the Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Villahermosa, Centro, Tabasco, CP. 86040, Tel (993) 358 15 00, www.ujat.mx, era@ujat.mx., era@ujat.mx. Editor-in-chief: Efraín de la Cruz Lázaro. Copyright No. 04-2013-120514213600-203, ISSN: 2007-901X, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (National Institute of Copyright), with certificate of title and content No. 16540 granted by the Secretaría de Gobernación(Ministry of the Interior). Individual responsible for the last update of this issue was journal Editorial Assistant Lic. Misael Hernández Martínez, Av. Universidad s/n, Zona de la Cultura, Col. Magisterial, Vhsa, Centro, Tabasco, Mex. C.P. 86040; date of last modification, september 1, 2019.

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